the criminology and criminal justice network
I think it would help if there was more reserach done on the effectiveness of Restorative Justice programs. One problem is the fact that participants in RJ programs must be voluntary and cannot be randomly assigned to participate in a program. This makes controlled outcome studies vulnerable to a self-selection bias, which decreases their reliability. To combat this bias, Canada's Department of Justice recommends administering questionaires designed to measure participants' motivation to adjust their attitudes and behaviours prior to participaation in an RJ program. This would allow evaluators to compare the motivation of voluntary particpants to those inthe randomly assigned control group, thus combatting the self-selection bias.
There is also a dearth of RJ reserach on female particpants, on the relationship between restitution and victim/offender satisfaction and on the demographic details of those partipating in RJ programs.
The used of restorative justice is indeed largely voluntary, however in the UK we have an extreme amount of volunteering interest from the public... which is great! But I agree that more needs to be done to get the victims involved in restorative measures... like the referral order. Perhaps after a while, we could release the inevitable statistics that show greater victim, offender and community satisfaction through restorative justice measures.
Youths in the UK are given a short questionnaire called "what do you think?" before they attend a mediated Youth Offender Panel meeting. It works really well in allowing the team to work with that individual young person and their emotions.
Haha, I feel your pain. £44,000 + /year for individual young people in YOIs and Secured Estates. All for an 80% failure rate..... OR only the cost of a few full time staff and many volunteers for an 75% success rate!?! It's a no brainer really isn't it!
Makes me think of the 80-80 rule... the public would never support a scheme (prison), where 80% of the budget produces an 80% failure rate. But still, until us, as educated individuals get into some kind of power position, there's not much that can be done at the moment.
Oh really? What one? I have applied for one in Kent too, been looking at the lectures from Sam Poyser and Jo O'Mahoney that are up too, I have a feeling we are from the same university. What are you experience of these meetings?
Yes, I let it in one ear and back out now, I originally studied to complete a law degree but once starting reading around the subject I realised that we don't need to aim to put people in prison we need a more effective system.